Risk phrases

On chemical labels, risk phrases are written :  R phrases, S phrases which inform about the risks of the substances.

R Phrases 
Combined R Phrases
P Phrases 
Combined S phrases

 

 R Phrases

Significant hazards of the preparation : R phrases 

  • R1 – Explosive when dry.
  • R2 – Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of
  • ignition.
  • R3 – Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other
  • sources of ignition.
  • R4 – Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds.
  • R5 – Heating may cause an explosion.
  • R6 – Explosive with or without contact with air.
  • R7 – May cause fire.
  • R8 – Contact with combustible material may cause fire.
  • R9 – Explosive when mixed with combustible material.
  • R10 – Flammable.
  • R11 – Highly flammable.
  • R12 – Extremely flammable.
  • R14 – Reacts violently with water.
  • R15 – Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases.
  • R16 – Explosive when mixed with oxidizing substances.
  • R17 – Spontaneously flammable in air.
  • R18 – In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture.
  • R19 – May form explosive peroxides.
  • R20 – Harmful by inhalation.
  • R21 – Harmful in contact with skin.
  • R22 – Harmful if swallowed.
  • R23 – Toxic by inhalation.
  • R24 – Toxic in contact with skin.
  • R25 – Toxic if swallowed.
  • R26 – Very toxic by inhalation.
  • R27 – Very toxic in contact with skin.
  • R28 – Very toxic if swallowed.
  • R29 – Contact with water liberates toxic gas.
  • R30 – Can become highly flammable in use.
  • R31 – Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.
  • R32 – Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas.
  • R33 – Danger of cumulative effects.
  • R34 – Causes burns.
  • R35 – Causes severe burns.
  • R36 – Irritating to eyes.
  • R37 – Irritating to respiratory system.
  • R38 – Irritating to skin.
  • R39 – Danger of very serious irreversible effects.
  • R40 – Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect.
  • R41 – Risk of serious damage to eyes.
  • R42 – May cause sensitization by inhalation.
  • R43 – May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
  • R44 – Risk of explosion if heated under confinement.
  • R45 – May cause cancer.
  • R46 – May cause heritable genetic damage.
  • R48 – Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure.
  • R49 – May cause cancer by inhalation.
  • R50 – Very toxic to aquatic organisms.
  • R51 – Toxic to aquatic organisms.
  • R52 – Harmful to aquatic organisms.
  • R53 – May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
  • R54 – Toxic to flora.
  • R55 – Toxic to fauna.
  • R56 – Toxic to soil organisms.
  • R57 – Toxic to bees.
  • R58 – May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment.
  • R59 – Dangerous for the ozone layer.
  • R60 – May impair fertility.
  • R61 – May cause harm to the unborn child.
  • R62 – Possible risk of impaired fertility.
  • R63 – Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.
  • R64 – May cause harm to breastfed babies.
  • R65 – Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
  • R66 – Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.
  • R67 – Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness.
  • R68 – Possible risk of irreversible effects.

Combined R phrases

  • R 14/15 – Reacts violently with water, liberating extremely flammable
  • gases.
  • R 15/29 – Contact with water liberates toxic, extremely flammable gas.
  • R 20/21 – Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin.
  • R 20/22 – Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.
  • R 21/22 – Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 20/21/22 – Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 23/24 – Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin.
  • R 24/25 – Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 23/25 – Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.
  • R 23/24/25 – Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 26/27 – Very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin.
  • R 26/28 – Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.
  • R 26/27/28 – Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 27/28 – Very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 36/37 – Irritating to eyes and respiratory system.
  • R 36/38 – Irritating to eyes and skin.
  • R 37/38 – Irritating to respiratory system and skin.
  • R 36/387/38 – Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
  • R 39/23 – Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation.
  • R 39/24 – Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with
  • skin.
  • R 39/25 – Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed.
  • R 39/32/24 – Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation
  • and in contact with skin.
  • R 39/23/25 – Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation
  • and if swallowed.
  • R 39/24/25 – Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with
  • skin and if swallowed.
  • R 39/23/24/25 – Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation,
  • in contact with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 39/26 – Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through
  • inhalation.
  • R 39/26/27 – Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through
  • inhalation and in contact with skin.
  • R 39/27 – Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact
  • with skin.
  • R 39/28 – Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed.
  • R 39/26/28 – Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through
  • inhalation and if swallowed.
  • R 39/27/28 – Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact
  • with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 39/26/27/28 – Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through
  • inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 42/43 – May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.
  • R 48/20 – Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
  • exposure through inhalation.
  • R 48/21 – Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
  • exposure in contact with skin.
  • R 48/22 – Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
  • exposure if swallowed.
  • R 48/20/21 – Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
  • exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin.
  • R 48/20/22 – Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
  • exposure through inhalation and if swallowed.
  • R 48/21/22 – Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
  • exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 48/20/21/22 – Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
  • exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 48/23 – Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
  • through inhalation.
  • R 48/24 – Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
  • in contact with skin.
  • R 48/25 – Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
  • if swallowed.
  • R 48/23/24 – Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
  • through inhalation and in contact with skin.
  • R 48/23/25 – Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
  • through inhalation and if swallowed.
  • R 48/24/25 – Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
  • in contact with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 48/23/24/25 – Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
  • through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
  • R 50/53 – Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse
  • effects in the aquatic environment.
  • R 51/53 – Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects
  • in the aquatic environment.
  • R 52/53 – Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse
  • effects in the aquatic environment.
  • R 68/20 – Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation.
  • R 68/21 – Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with
  • skin.
  • R 68/22 – Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed.
  • R 68/20/21 – Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation
  • and in contact with skin.
  • R 68/20/22 – Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation
  • and if swallowed.
  • R 68/21/22 – Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin
  • and if swallowed.
  • R 68/20/21/22 – Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation,
  • in contact with skin and if swallowed.

 S Phrases

Safety advice on the use of the preparation : S phrases 

  • S 1 – Keep locked up
  • S 2 – Keep out of the reach of children
  • S 3 – Keep in a cool place
  • S 4 – Keep away from living quarters
  • S 5 – Keep contents under … (appropriate liquid to be specified by the manufacturer)
  • S 6 – Keep under … (inert gas to be specified by the manufacturer)
  • S 7 – Keep container tightly closed
  • S 8 – Keep container dry
  • S 9 – Keep container in a well-ventilated place
  • S 12 – Do not keep the container sealed
  • S 13 – Keep away from food, drink and animal feedingstuffs
  • S 14 – Keep away from … (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)
  • S 15 – Keep away from heat
  • S 16 – Keep away from sources of ignition – No smoking
  • S 17 – Keep away from combustible material
  • S 18 – Handle and open container with care
  • S 20 – When using do not eat or drink
  • S 21 – When using do not smoke
  • S 22 – Do not breathe dust
  • S 23 – Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer)
  • S 24 – Avoid contact with skin
  • S 25 – Avoid contact with eyes
  • S 26 – In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice
  • S 27 – Take off immediately all contaminated clothing
  • S 28 – After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of (to be specified by the manufacturer)
  • S 29 – Do not empty into drains
  • S 30 – Never add water to this product
  • S 33 – Take precautionary measures against static discharges
  • S 35 – This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way
  • S 36 – Wear suitable protective clothing
  • S 37 – Wear suitable gloves
  • S 38 – In case of insufficient ventilation wear suitable respiratory equipment
  • S 39 – Wear eye/face protection
  • S 40 – To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material use … (to be specified by the manufacturer)
  • S 41 – In case of fire and/or explosion do not breathe fumes
  • S 42 – During fumigation/spraying wear suitable respiratory equipment (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer)
  • S 43 – In case of fire use … (indicate in the space the precise type of fire-fighting equipment. If water increases the risk add: Never use water)
  • S 45 – In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible)
  • S 46 – If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label
  • S 47 – Keep at temperature not exceeding …°C (to be specified by the manufacturer)
  • S 48 – Keep wetted with … (appropriate material to be specified by the manufacturer)
  • S 49 – Keep only in the original container
  • S 50 – Do not mix with … (to be specified by the manufacturer)
  • S 51 – Use only in well-ventilated areas
  • S 52 – Not recommended for interior use on large surface areas
  • S 53 – Avoid exposure – Obtain special instructions before use
  • S 56 – Dispose of this material and its container to hazardous or special waste collection point
  • S 57 – Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental contamination
  • S 59 – Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling
  • S 60 – This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste
  • S 61 – Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet
  • S 62 – If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label
  • S 63 – In case of accident by inhalation: remove casualty to fresh air and keep at rest
  • S 64 – If swallowed, rinse mouth with water (only if the person is conscious)

Combined S phrases

  • S 1/2 – Keep locked up and out of the reach of children.
  • S 3/7 – Keep container tightly closed in a cool place.
  • S 3/9/14 – Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from … (incompatible
  • materials to be indicated by the manufacturer).
  • S 3/9/49 – Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated
  • place.
  • S 3/9/14/49 – Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated
  • place away from … (incompatible materials to be indicated by the
  • manufacturer).
  • S 3/14 – Keep in a cool place away from … (incompatible materials to
  • be indicated by the manufacturer).
  • S 7/8 – Keep container tightly closed and dry.
  • S 7/9 – Keep container tightly closed and in a well-ventilated place.
  • S 7/47 – Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding
  • … oC (to be specified by the manufacturer).
  • S 20/21 – When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
  • S 24/25 – Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
  • S 27/28 – After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated
  • clothing, and wash immediately with plenty of … (to be specified
  • by the manufacturer).
  • S 29/35 – Do not empty into drains; dispose of this material and its
  • container in a safe way.
  • S 29/56 – Do not empty into drains, dispose of this material and its
  • container at hazardous or special waste collection point.
  • S 36/37 – Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.
  • S 36/39 – Wear suitable protective clothing and eye/face protection.
  • S 37/39 – Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
  • S 36/37/39 – Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
  • S 47/49 – Keep only in the original container at a temperature not exceeding…
  • C (to be specified by the manufacturer).



You can also read the following posts :

be the first to comment on this article

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.